The presence of molds inside an enclosure may greatly affect the air quality inside the enclosed space in the sense that molds, that are of airborne spore species, are a common allergen and may induce sneezing, runny nose, cough, eye irritation, upper respiratory irritation, and, in severe reactions, asthma attack, to people who are likely allergic to molds. Water leaking constantly in a building and has not been given immediate remedial action for a long period of time may result into dampness in the indoor environment and the existence of mold growth. Molds exist to contribute to the natural habitat of decomposing dead matters, that is why they can pose a serious adverse effect inside a building environment, when they are found existing, as they are likely to decompose any wood, porous materials in the building, including drywalls and carpets.
Mold inspection is a necessary building maintenance procedure to evaluate on the following objectives: check if the building has the presence of molds; identify the kind of mold species inside a building establishment; locate where the mold population is growing; test for the indoor air quality by scientifically measuring the amount of mold spores present in the air; and post-check if molds have been completely removed inside a building.
A mold inspector carries these 5 important steps when he conducts an inspection to a building establishment: interview with the owner or maintenance caretaker; conduct an ocular inspection; take samples; have the samples be analysed; and make the necessary report.
A mold inspector will usually conduct first an interview to get as much information needed for him to conduct his next step of inspection and the information that he will most likely ask are about the humidity condition inside the building, whether there has been a leaking problem existing in the roof or plumbing fixtures, have the occupants smell some kind of moldy odor, or has there been a detected mold population growth inside the structure.
When the inspector receives a positive reporting from the owner or caretaker of mold presence, he performs a visual inspection into the spot areas where there is likely water penetration or evidence of a mold habitat existing, using tools like moisture meters for detecting moisture, hydrometers for measuring the humidity, borescopes for viewing sections of walls, or laser thermometers for checking on the surface temperatures, as well as digital photographs, if the mold presence is detected.
Most important in the course of the inspection is taking air samples, outdoor and indoor, using a special sampling device that can collect mold spores of which the amount of spores collected will determine if air quality inside the building has been greatly affected.
Once air samples have been collected they are then taken to a professional analyst for determination and analysis for the number of mold spores per cubic meter of air, as well as finding out the specific type of mold found.
The last segment in the mold inspection is a documented summary report which consists of the following: photos of the mold presence and its specific locations, population level of mold spores in the air inside the building, the specific mold found, the inspector’s conclusions and strong recommendations in stepping up measures to prevent mold growth, as well as its elimination.